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What is a motor vehicle?

According to Clause 18, Article 3 of the Law on Road Traffic 2008, a motor vehicle (road motor vehicle) is an automobile; tractor; trailers or semi-trailers towed by cars or tractors; two-wheeled motorcycles; three-wheeled motorcycles; motorcycles (including electric scooters) and similar vehicles.

What is a motor vehicle?
What is a motor vehicle?

Conditions of participation in traffic of motor vehicles

Cars of the right type and type allowed to participate in traffic must ensure the regulations on quality, technical safety and environmental protection.

  • Sufficient effective braking system is available;
  • Have effective navigation system;
  • There are enough lights near and far, number plate lights, brake lights, signal lights;
  • Having the right size tires and technical standards of each type of vehicle;
  • Having enough rear-view mirrors and other equipment and devices to ensure visibility for the operator;
  • There is a horn with the volume in accordance with the technical regulations;
  • There are enough silencers, smoke reducers and other equipment and devices to ensure noise emissions according to environmental regulations;
  • Structures must be durable enough to ensure stable operation

Motor vehicles must be registered and have a number plate issued by a competent state agency. The Government shall stipulate the useful life of motor vehicles. The Minister of Transport shall prescribe the quality, technical safety and environmental protection of motor vehicles permitted to participate in traffic, except for military and police motor vehicles used for national defense and security purposes. .

Regulations on quality assurance, technical safety and environmental protection of motor vehicles participating in road traffic

The assurance of quality, technical safety and environmental protection of motor vehicles participating in road traffic is regulated by the road law. The production, assembly, renovation, repair, maintenance and import of motor vehicles participating in road traffic must comply with regulations on quality, technical safety and environmental protection. It is not allowed to convert other cars into passenger cars. Vehicle owners are not allowed to change the vehicle’s structure, components and systems by themselves that are not in line with the original design of the manufacturer or the manufacturer or the modified design that has been approved by a competent authority. Automobiles and trailers towed by cars participating in road traffic must be periodically inspected for technical safety and environmental protection. The head of the registration establishment and the person directly performing the inspection shall be responsible for confirming the inspection results. Vehicle owners and car drivers are responsible for maintaining the technical safety of their vehicles according to prescribed technical safety standards when participating in road traffic between two inspection periods.

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The Minister of Transport shall prescribe conditions, standards and grant permits to motor vehicle registration establishments; regulate and organize the inspection of motor vehicles. The Minister of National Defense and the Minister of Public Security shall prescribe and organize the inspection of motor vehicles used by the army and police for national defense and security purposes.

Classification of motor vehicles

Motor vehicles are classified into groups including: automobiles; motorbike; motorcycles and mopeds; tractor trailers, semi-trailers are towed by cars, tractors, other vehicles. We can see that motor vehicles are a category that includes many different types of vehicles, but in fact, there are still many people who do not understand that motorcycles are classified as motorcycles and are classified as motorcycles. machine or motorcycle. According to regulation 41:2019/BGTVT National technical regulation on road signs. Automobiles include passenger cars, pickup trucks, passenger cars, trucks, and trailers. Passenger car means an automobile identified according to the certificate of technical safety and environmental protection inspection of a road motor vehicle, to carry people with no more than 9 seats (including the driver).

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Pick-up trucks and vans with a weight of less than 950 kg of goods allowed to be transported in traffic, and tricycles with a weight of more than 400 kg in traffic organizations are considered as passenger cars. Truck is an automobile with a structure mainly equipped to transport goods, including tractors, trailers and vehicles with a large cargo volume of 950kg or more. Passenger car means a car identified by a certificate of technical safety and environmental protection, a road motor vehicle used to carry people with the number of more than 9 people. Tractor and semi-trailer truck is a motor vehicle transporting goods with a semi-trailer body designed to be connected to the tow truck and transmit a significant part of the weight to the tractor truck. tractor-trailers do not have cargo or people-carrying parts.

Motor vehicles include two-wheeled motorcycles and three-wheeled motorcycles. Mopeds are also known as two- or three-wheeled motorized motorcycles and similar vehicles with engines with a cylinder capacity of 50cm3 or more and a vehicle weight not exceeding 400kg. Thus, using a motorbike and the vehicle’s own weight not exceeding 400kg is called a motorbike. Motorcycle is only a motor-powered vehicle with two or three wheels and the maximum design speed is not more than 50km/h.

To participate in traffic in absolute safety and limit traffic accidents, motor vehicle drivers must especially strictly abide by road traffic laws. Drivers and operators of special-use motorcycles must comply with the regulations on vehicle speed on the road and must keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front of the vehicle being driven, at places with distance signs. At least between 2 vehicles, the distance must be kept not lower than the data on the sign.

When participating in traffic, motor vehicle owners need a driver’s license, vehicle registration papers, and motor vehicle insurance. Comply with the provisions of the road traffic safety law, stay in the right lane and section of the road and run at the allowed speed.

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Types of motor vehicles in the road traffic system

It can be seen that, with the answer, what is a motor vehicle? Above, motor vehicles are divided into many different groups. Specifically:

Group of motor vehicles and cars

According to the standards of 41:2019/BGTVT National technical regulation on road signs. Regulations that cars participating in traffic include the following types:

  • Cars: Cars with small size, few seats, are determined according to the Certificate of technical safety and environmental protection. The vehicle cannot carry more than 9 people, equivalent to 9 seats including the driver’s seat.
  • Pickup trucks: Vehicles with a cargo volume of less than 950kg when participating in traffic. With a 3-wheeled vehicle, the vehicle’s mass is more than 400kg, while in traffic, it is considered a passenger car.
  • Trucks: Cars designed to carry goods. Including tractors, trailers and vehicles such as PICKUP trucks, VAN trucks with a cargo volume of 950kg or more.
  • Passenger cars: Large, high-weight cars that carry many passengers on the vehicle to move to the desired place. Vehicles are identified according to the Certificate of technical safety and environmental protection with the number of people on the vehicle greater than 9 people.
  • Trucks pulling semi-trailers: The line of specialized motor vehicles used for transporting goods with a semi-trailer trunk connected to the tractor truck. At the same time, it is responsible for transferring significant weight to the tractor truck.
  • Trailer trailers: Vehicles specifically designed for towing trailers or structurally designed to tow more trailers. The towing volume must comply with the regulations according to the Certificate of technical safety and environmental protection of road motor vehicles.
  • Trailers: This is a solidly designed axle and tire system that connects to the car. The purpose is so that the trailer mass is not placed on the towing vehicle.
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A motor vehicle is a motorcycle

Currently used motorcycles include three-wheeled motorcycles and two-wheeled motorcycles. Motorcycles participating in traffic have engines with a cylinder capacity of 50cm3 or more, the vehicle’s payload does not exceed 400kg. People using vehicles with a cylinder capacity of 50cm3 are called motorbikes.

A motor vehicle is a motorcycle

Many people confuse motorbikes with mopeds. Motorcycles are vehicles with powerful engines, designed with 2 or 3 wheels, with a design speed of less than 50 km/h. If the vehicle is a heat engine driven vehicle, the working capacity or equivalent capacity will be less than 50 cm3.

Is the speed limit for motor vehicles when participating in traffic?
Is the speed limit for motor vehicles when participating in traffic?

Is the speed limit for motor vehicles when participating in traffic?

* Going in densely populated areas:

Vehicle

Top speed (km/h)

Double line; a one-way street with 2 or more lanes

You are viewing: What is a Motor Vehicle? Conditions of participation in traffic of motor vehicles

2-way street; 1-way street with 1 lane for motor vehicles

Special-use motorcycles, mopeds (including electric motorbikes) and similar vehicles

40

40

Other motor vehicles

60

50

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Type of road motor vehicle

Top speed (km/h)

Double line; a one-way street with two or more lanes

Two-way street;

one-way street with one lane

Passenger cars, passenger cars with up to 30 seats (except for buses); trucks with a tonnage of 3.5 tons

90

80

Passenger cars with more than 30 seats (except buses); Trucks with a tonnage of > 3.5 tons (except for tank trucks)

80

70

Buses; semi-trailer tractors; motorcycle; special-use vehicles (except for mortar mixers and concrete mixers)

70

60

Cars towing trailers; other towing vehicles; mortar mixer truck, concrete mixer truck, tank truck

60

50

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* On Highway:

– Observe the maximum speed, the minimum speed written on road signs, paint the road surface on the lanes.

Issuance and withdrawal of registration and license plates of motor vehicles

According to Article 54 of the 2008 Road Traffic Law, the grant and revocation of registration and license plates of motor vehicles are as follows:

Regulations on quality assurance, technical safety and environmental protection of motor vehicles participating in road traffic

The assurance of quality, technical safety and environmental protection of motor vehicles participating in road traffic is specified in Article 55 of the Law on Road Traffic 2008 as follows:

– The production, assembly, renovation, repair, maintenance and import of motor vehicles participating in road traffic must comply with regulations on quality, technical safety and environmental protection. It is not allowed to convert other cars into passenger cars.

Vehicle owners are not allowed to change the vehicle’s structure, components and systems by themselves that are not in accordance with the manufacturer’s design or the renovation design approved by the competent authority.

– Cars and trailers, semi-trailers towed by cars participating in road traffic must be periodically inspected for technical safety and environmental protection).

– The head of the registration establishment and the person directly performing the inspection shall be responsible for confirming the inspection results.

Vehicle owners and car drivers are responsible for maintaining the technical safety of their vehicles according to prescribed standards when participating in road traffic between two inspection periods.

– The Minister of Transport shall prescribe conditions, standards and grant permits to motor vehicle registration establishments; regulate and organize the inspection of motor vehicles.

The Minister of National Defense and the Minister of Public Security shall prescribe and organize the inspection of motor vehicles used by the army and police for national defense and security purposes.

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Posted by: Le Hong Phong High School

Category: General

Copyright of the article belongs to Le Hong Phong High School. Any copying is fraud!

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