The yellow star red flag first appeared in the uprising?
Question: The yellow star red flag first appeared in the uprising?
A. Bac Son Uprising
B. Cochinchina Uprising
C. Do Luong Mutiny
D. Partial uprising
Reply: Answer B. The red flag with a yellow star first appeared in the Cochinchina uprising
The red flag with yellow star – The sacred national flag of our country was first hung by the revolutionary soldiers of the Cochinchina uprising at the headquarters of the Uprising Committee located at Long Hung communal house, Long Hung commune (Chau Thanh district). ), now Tien Giang province on November 23, 1940. Only a short time, the uprising was brutally suppressed by the French colonialists, although it was not successful, the image of the red flag with a yellow star entered the consciousness of every patriotic Vietnamese. And in August 1945, the red flag with a yellow star appeared publicly in Hanoi. Many newspapers at that time covered this event.
In May 1941, under the chairmanship of leader Nguyen Ai Quoc, the VIII Central Conference in Pac Bo Cao Bang held a meeting to discuss the direction of the national liberation revolution strategy with the goal of insurrection as the central task. and decided to establish the Independent Vietnam Allied (Viet Minh). The resolution and action plan of the Viet Minh passed at the conference clearly stated: After expelling the French and Japanese imperialists, the People’s Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam will be established, taking the red flag with a yellow star as the National Socialist Republic of Vietnam. period.
In the middle of August, 1945, in Tan Trao, Son Duong, Tuyen Quang – the capital of the Liberation Zone of the Vietnamese revolution, the national conference of the Party and the National Congress of the National People’s Congress met and approved 10 policies. The great policy of the Viet Minh, through the General Uprising Order, decided on the national flag with a red background, with a five-pointed yellow star in the middle, selected the song “Tien Quan ca” as the national anthem, and elected the Central Committee for Ethnic Liberation, the Government of Lam Dong. when Uncle Ho Chi Minh was President. At the same time, he issued an appeal: “The decisive hour for the fate of our nation has come. The whole country, people, get up and use our strength to liberate yourself… Go ahead! Go ahead! Under the Viet Minh flag, let’s go bravely forward!”
In Hanoi at that time, the red flag with a yellow star had not yet appeared publicly despite the strong mass movement, the Party Central Committee issued the directive “Japan and France shot each other and our actions”, the anti-Japanese movement. saving the country, destroying the Japanese granaries to save the country from hunger, the atmosphere of insurrection was very close.
From May 1945, the fascists failed and gradually surrendered to the Allies. The Japanese government and army in Vietnam fell apart, feudal henchmen gradually lost their role in society. The conditions for a general uprising to take power back to the people have come. Especially, from the time when the Japanese coup d’état and the French seized power in Indochina (March 9) until mid-August 1945, the patriotic movement of students and intellectuals in Hanoi, following the call for solidarity of the Viet Minh, developed widely. . The Youth Union for National Salvation, the Thanh Nghi Group, the Student Union, the Democratic Volunteering Propaganda Team… organized many practical activities, exhorting the people to unite in support of the Viet Minh, restrain and prevent the Vietnamese crooks. causing harm to the revolution, organizing speeches to gain prestige for the Viet Minh…contributing to the victory of the general uprising in Hanoi, and then spreading to the whole country. Documents and memoirs of insiders on the occasion of the first anniversary of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945-1946) in publicly published books and newspapers show more clearly the atmosphere of the uprising and the time when The red flag with a yellow star appeared for the first time in Hanoi.
On August 17, 1945, the General Association of pro-Japanese civil servants decided to hold a rally to support the King and the pro-Japanese government one day earlier than planned. The North’s Kham sent the great minister Phan Ke Toai to also summon him to publish it in newspapers. The whole Hanoi stirred up, civil servants everywhere enthusiastically supported and cheered to participate.. On the afternoon of August 15, the Revolutionary Military Committee advocated breaking up the rally. This is a difficult task because it is not just a public activity, this protest is authorized by the government, held in the city center with the protection of the Japanese army… We plan to break and withdraw fast, stay safe…
President Ho Chi Minh and comrades Tran Lam General Director of Voice of Vietnam and Vu Ky Private secretary of Viewers wishes Tet greetings to compatriots and soldiers of the country Spring Dinh Mui 1967
Previously on August 12, 1945, a small group of patriotic intellectuals and students belonging to the Democratic Party Volunteer Propaganda Team in the Viet Minh Front in the presence of Tran Quang Van, a student of Indochina Law School, worked together to calculate. and implemented the plan “BREAKING PUBLIC OPINION” on the night of August 16, 1945. They plan to either secretly fly a red flag with a yellow star on the top of the Turtle Tower, or let the people of the Capital in the Lakeside area hear their own call to rebel against the Japanese-French fascists from the roof of the temple. Ngoc Son… With the plan given by the General Association of Civil Servants, the group immediately saw the opportunity for themselves and decided to “CHANGE STRATEGY” by “willing to volunteer the meeting of civil servants” on August 17. They considered it and clearly saw that it was a “Bold but rare” “Dangerous but powerful” thing. On the afternoon of August 16, 1945, the group agreed on the plan and assigned tasks: Mr. Ch. Ms. Kinh is a speaker, Thanh is in charge of self-defense, and Lam is in charge of sewing fabrics and hanging the flag in front of the Opera House on the afternoon of August 17. Originally in the plan, before that, Lam took the initiative to ask his fiancée, the daughter of a silk business family on Hang Dao Street, to buy fabric for the flag. It was a very easy thing to be bothered by the Japanese army, but then I overcame it. On the afternoon of August 15, the sewing of a red flag with a yellow star size of 6 meters x 4 meters was completed. Lam returned to the Opera House to survey the terrain carefully. On August 17, 1945, nearly 15 o’clock the civil servant’s demonstration began. Secretly going to the appointed place with the orderly bandage issued by the Organizing Committee, Lam and two friends in the group were awaited by the people in the Organizing Committee and secretly brought all three to the balcony of the 2nd floor. Dozens of journalists, photographers, security guards, orderly work. Below in front of the guest row is the podium, next to the position of the military band led by Quan Lien. In the courtyard, tens of thousands of people stood in a straight line. Lam waited for the Organizing Committee to finish reading the opening statement, according to the plan, Lam and his comrades would hold on to the ligaments, quickly drop the flag vertically vertically. All movements performed as planned. Suddenly, the chanting of slogans as directed by the people on the forum of the Organizing Committee was replaced by applause when everyone standing in the yard saw the flag from the 2nd floor balcony of the Opera House spread out. , unfolded and filled, covering the opening to the right of the central door. The flag color is crimson with the brilliant color of the 5-pointed star in the middle. Carefully, Lam also slipped his hand through the hole in the wall to straighten both sides of the flag. Around the place where Lam stood, dozens of eyes looked surprised and then fell silent before the solemn “Silence” shout of the group’s guardian. At the same time, below the square, tens of thousands of hearts shouted: “Support the Viet Minh” in loud applause.
Meeting on August 17, 1945 at Hanoi Opera House Square
The Independent newspaper on August 17, 1946 wrote: On August 17, in the midst of a meeting of civil servants at the Opera House Square,… The red flag with a yellow star was dropped by the secret hands of the Democratic volunteer team from upstairs the theater. grew down blatantly appeared amid the cheers.
Independent newspaper on August 18, 1946 comment: August 17, 1945. People’s Day in the capital of Vietnam, gathered and marched to applaud like thunder, the red flag with yellow star for the first time appeared publicly among the people and blatantly declared support for the Viet Minh in front of the ministries. the lazy face of the dwarf enemy. With the date of August 17, 1945, world history has added a new page with the following bold letters: THE INCIDENT AGE HAS TO END. THE ENTIRE ENVIRONMENT OF THE NATIONAL GENERAL UNDERSTANDING TO FULL INDEPENDENCE”
In the suburbs of Hanoi, from the early morning of August 18, 1945, the red flag with yellow star openly fluttered high. At noon on August 18, 1945, the Standing Committee of the Tonkin Party Committee approved the policy of the uprising plan of the Revolutionary Military Committee. Hanoi network. Right on the afternoon of August 18, 1945, on the highway from Hanoi to the provinces, the red flags with yellow stars as fast as exponentially were publicly planted on the cars of the volunteer propaganda teams… Early in the morning on August 19. In 1945, the whole Hanoi was lit with a red flag with a yellow star. The mass demonstrations with red flags with yellow stars in their hands like waterfalls gathered into protest groups. All of them lead to the Opera House, where two days earlier, on the afternoon of August 17, 1945, the red flag with a yellow star and the song “Tien Quan ca” first appeared publicly and became a symbol of the day of the General Uprising. 19.8. The people united with one heart and gathered in response to the call of the Viet Minh to stand up and take control of their own destiny. The general uprising was successful in Hanoi.
Posted by: Le Hong Phong High School
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Author: – Le Hong Phong School
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